Prevention and Comprehensiveness in the Protection of Children

jose-marti-school-of-comprehensive-education-2014-05-28
Jose Marti School of Comprehensive Education Photo: Roberto Ruiz

The protection system for the childhood and youth in Cuba created great interest among specialists from the United Nations Fund for Children and representatives of several Latin American governments taking part in the Second International Pro Childhood Conference 2014.

By: Mileyda Menéndez Dávila
juventudrebelde.cu

The prophylactic and multi-sectorial character of the protection system for children and youth in Cuba has spurred interest among specialists of the United Nations Fund for Children and representatives of several Latin American governments taking part in the Second International Pro Childhood Conference 2014.

The questions revolve around the daily exercise of the rights in those age groups, the mechanisms to denounce the cases in which they are aggravated, the diagnosis of families and communities with scenarios that can favour crimes that are punished by the law, as well as the strategies for the evaluation, protection and reinsertion of the underage victims and of those whose behaviour comes into conflict with society.

Cuba has been a pioneer in joining the international mechanisms promoting the protection of childhood and in the preparation of laws that give precedence to childhood protection in the family, work, culture, education, and health environment, explained Rosa Charró MSc., deputy-minister of Justice; and Idania Silot, representative of the General Court of the Republic.

An example of the guarantees to child protection in the legal system are the hard sentences for the crimes of abandonment, mistreatment, sexual abuse and corruption of minors, as well as the disposition to punish not only those who commit the crime but also those who allowed it, do not stop it or do not report them to the authorities.

Yoandry González MSc., head of the Department of International Cooperation of the National Revolutionary Police Forces (PNR), explained that there is a zero-tolerance policy to crimes that are growing alarmingly at the international level such as child trafficking, child pornography and prostitution.

In 2013, 224 sentences were issued for procuring and 14 for people trafficking. Although the cases are isolated, the system maintains a constant alert, he said. The PNR have collaboration ties with 29 police forces abroad and the Interpol, which have allowed the identification in the last few years 16 individuals involved in those crimes and who intended to travel to Cuba.

The conference will unfold until Thursday May 29 in the Palco Hotel. Participants will visit the Jose Marti School of Comprehensive Education (where they work with teenagers who have conflicts with the Law) and the Protection Centre for children and adolescents victim of crimes.

Translated by ESTI

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